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iCET Project Reports    
Report Title: 2014 Green Car China Annual Report (June, 2014)
China’s MEP joined forces with iCET on marketing and improving this year’s China Green Car (previously named EFV) report. Vehicle emissions of about 90% of China’s model year 2013 vehicles are based on Type Approval tests rather than on China’s emissions standard targets. Furthermore, a ranking of China’s Top 50 sales’ vehicles was added to this year’s typical nine vehicle segments (Small, Compact, Medium, Large, Luxury, SUV, SPV, Sports cars, Hybrid), and separate smog index scores were added to the traditional EFV report’s green rating values to indicate vehicles’ air-quality impacts.

Report Title: Evaluating California’s Zero-Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Credits and Trading Mechanism and its Potential Suitability for China (May, 2014)

Although China has committed itself to ambitious energy consumption reduction policies and has already started incentivizing the commercial development of New Energy Vehicles (NEVs) and related infrastructure, it is clear that more aggressive, comprehensive, and innovative approaches are in need. The California ZEV-Credits scheme has been identified as a truly innovative program with high contribution value to support low-carbon development while greatly incentivizing market players to innovate commercial solutions. The ZEV-credits scheme has recently received the attention of national decision-makers (among which are NDRC, MOF, MIIT) as well as local planners (mainly local DRCs). iCET’s “Evaluating California’s Zero-Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Credits and Trading Mechanism and its Potential Suitability for China” report, supported by the Energy Foundation, was released earlier this month. Through the single case study of global electric car leader Tesla Motors, this work has demonstrated the capacity building the ZEV credits program provided for small manufacturers in a fast evolving and highly dominated market place.

Report Title: Performance of the Chinese New Vehicle Fleet Compared to Global Fuel Economy and Fuel Consumption Standards(February,2014)

This study attempts to provide policy-makers with the tools to consider the adoption of footprint-based standards (recently adopted in the US), and evaluate the relative stringency of national standards against the EU and Japan’s standards. First, this paper introduces selected global standards (namely US, EU, Japan, and China), outlines their historic development and evaluates their implementation success, and then the methodology and results are outlined.

Report Title: 2012 China Passenger Vehicle Corporate Average Fuel Consumption Report (June, 2012)

In the June 2013,five ministries jointly announced "corporate average fuel consumption of passenger cars accounting approach" Innovation Center for Energy and Transportation based on data and standard methodologies from national authorities, iCET research and analysis of the 2012 Chinese different car brands average fuel consumption ranking, reviewed the "Eleventh Five-Year Plan", and forecast the trend of "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" development. Assumptions based on experience and the introduction of a quota value of this concept. Hopes to publish charts, cause-related automobile enterprises to pay attention to environmental protection, the development of energy-saving cars and truly reflects the current situation and policy recommendations.

Report Title: 2012 China Environmentally Friendly Vehicle Report (June, 2013)

This periodic report makes use of iCET’s Environmentally Friendly Vehicle rating computing tool to report on China’s greenest cars in 10 different market segments. The 2012 report includes trends identification based on three consecutive years of data collection and annual reporting. The report’s green score ranking, ranging between 1 (least performing) and 10 points (best performing), is based on a globally recognized GHG lifecycle assessment methodology tailored to China’s characteristics. Various private vehicles segment are targeted, such as compact cars, mid-size, medium and large cars, as well as luxury cars, SUVs, MPVs and NEVs. Highlights: 2012 Top 10 models scored 5.69L/100km, marking an annual increase of only 0.05 from the 2011 5.74L/100km on average; The overall environmental performance of China’s Top 10 EFV greatly improved on average. This improvement is likely to be the result of industrial adherence to China’s CAFC; 2012 average green score of newly listed models was around 4.5-6.5 points, compared with 2011 models new listing scores concentrated around 4-6 green score points.

Report Title: U.S. Renewable Fuel Standard Implementation Mechanism and Market Tracking (January, 2013)

This report briefly introduces the U.S. Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS), a policy for promoting the use of biofuels in order to reduce the country’s dependency on foreign oil and greenhouse gas emissions. The RFS requests fuel refiner, blenders and importer in the US provide a certain amount of renewable fuels every year (Renewable Volume Obligation – RVO). Obligated parties prove they have achieved their RVO through a renewable fuels certification system, which generates Renewable Identification Numbers (RINs) for every unit of qualified renewable fuels produced or released into the market. RINs are a key for tracking renewable fuel consumption, which in turn is a key for implementing the RFS in the US. This documents highlights RFS policy implementing mechanism and marketing tracking, mainly describes importance of RINs, and the method for generating and tracking RINs by both government and fuels industry participants.

Report Title: New Energy Vehicles: Environmental Impact Evaluation System Research (June, 2012)

New Energy Vehicles have the potential to produce significant environmental benefits when compared to conventional internal combustion vehicles. However, due to China’s relatively dirty sources of electrical power production, when examining NEVs from a lifecycle perspective, they simply aren’t that clean. Furthermore, the batteries used in electric vehicles carry their own environmental impact due to the intensive nature of their industrial production. This report analyses information from both Chinese and global sources, and using iCET’s Environmentally Friendly Vehicle rating system methodology as a basis, incorporates the lifecycle environmental impact of electric vehicles. Using the Nissan Leaf and Toyota Prius as examples, the full lifecycle environmental impacts of a pure electric vehicle and a plug-in hybrid vehicle are evaluated. In the context of the fast development of NEVs in China, taking a lifecycle assessment approach to the environmental impact of vehicles offers a scientific means of understanding the contribution this industry will make to energy efficiency and emission reduction.

Report Title: Energy Grass Crops for Liquid Biofuel Production: Key Questions (May, 2012)

Energy grasses are one source of feedstock for advanced biofuels. The recognition and research on energy grasses as an important contributor for liquid biofuels in China are still in their early stages. This report addresses some of the key questions related to the production and use of energy grasses in the production of transport fuels, including: “What are energy grasses?”, “What is the roadmap for the use of energy grasses for fuels in China?”, “What are the economic costs of converting energy grasses into liquid fuels?”, “What are the advantages and disadvantages of using energy grasses as a fuel feedstock?”, and “What are the existing problems and obstacles for energy grass utilization?”.  This report aims to inspire scientific research institutes, government organizations and society at large to take a closer look at this potential source of transportation energy.

Report Title: 2011 China Passenger Vehicle Corporate Average Fuel Consumption Report (June, 2012)

On 1 January 2012, China’s “Passenger Vehicle Fuel Consumption Limits” Phase III, jointly drafted by the China Automotive Technology and Research Center (CATARC) and major automotive producers, and approved by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) came into effect.  This report makes use of government-sourced data and a standardized methodology to calculate the corporate average fuel consumption of different automotive groups and brands in China, and makes an analysis of fuel economy in the 11th Five-Year Development Plan, as well as trends in the implementation of the 12th Five Year Plan. This report and ranking aims to encourage companies to continuously adjust their product structures, develop more efficient vehicles and improve the implementation of their social and environmental responsibilities.

Report Title: 2011 China Environmentally Friendly Vehicle Report (June, 2012)

This report makes use of the iCET Environmentally Friendly Vehicle rating system to report on China’s greenest cars in 11 market segments in 2011, including micro, small, compact, mid-size, large mid-size, luxury, SUV, MPV, sports, microvan and mild hybrid segments.  The evaluation is based on the climate change and health impacts of the vehicle in three stages: manufacturing phase, fuel production phase and operation phase.

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